Standard .44 caliber Colt Model 1860 Army Percussion Revolver with 8" barrel, six shot cylinder, and walnut grips. These early Colt Model 1860 Army Revolvers saw extensive use during the Civil War with many finding their way into Union cavalry units. This is a good early one with a desirable four screw frame...the extra screw found on these early 1860's which protrudes slightly off the wall of the frame was used for mounting a detachable shoulder stock...specifically for cavalry usage. The detachable wooden stocks proved ineffective as very few appear to have been made. By approx. the 40,000-45,000 range, the fourth screw was dropped. This one is in the low 38,000 range with 100% all matching numbers including the grips and barrel wedge. It was manufactured in early 1862. The serial number is within 100 numbers of known 1860's listed in Springfield Research as issued to the 4th Indiana Volunteer Cavarly, 1st NY Mounted Rifles, & 1st Maryland Volunteer Cavalry. The barrel is marked --ADDRESS COL. SAML COLT NEW-YORK U.S. AMERICA-- . Left side of the frame is stamped "COLTS PATENT". There are numerous gov't sub-inspector initials on the metal parts with the main inspector's cartouche on the left side of the grips.
Overall, NRA Antique Good++ to Very Good- Condition with the metal turned to a pleasing smooth brown patina. Nice edges and markings throughout. The cylinder scene shows 20% of the original roll-engraved scene...which is indicative of holster wear. The brass trigger guard has not been polished and has turned to an almost red patina. Very Good screws overall. The grips are in Very Good condition with handling marks but quite sharp overall with no signs of cleaning or sanding. The mechanics on this 1860 are absolutely perfect with nice crisp clicks when the hammer is cocked. The cylinder indexes nicely with almost no back and forth play between the barrel and frame. Good+ Bore with strong lands and grooves. The wedge holds the barrel tightly to the frame with no wiggle. Even the loading lever is still tight. For a four-screw, many of which saw hard use for all or nearly all of the Civil War, this is one is above average for even a later three screw.